These African penguins walk on the beach while there is one penguin in the front, facing the large flock. As if to say ‘hurry up, everyone!’ The large flock is just arriving from the daily fishing trip. They spend all day out fishing and come back later afternoon to the colony. It is a sunny day in Africa with the sailboats sailing on the bright blue sea behind the African penguin flock.
Most penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere. However, there is one exception to the rule. The penguins of the Galapagos island are the only penguins found north of the equator. As these African penguins walk on the beach, you can tell that they aren’t particularly tall. This species of penguin only reach heights of about 60 cm in length.
The tallest living penguin is the Emperor penguin, and it reaches a height of 120cm / 4 ft tall. However, the tallest penguin to have ever existed was the Mega penguin, Palaeeudyptes. Unfortunately, it is now extinct, but it reached heights of 160 cm / 5.2 ft tall. That is the height of the average woman in the United Kingdom. Furthermore, if you included the length of their beaks and tails, they reached heights of 2 m / 6.5 ft. The smallest penguin is the little blue penguin, which we find in New Zealand and Australia. They only reach heights of about 33 cm / 13″ high and 43 cm / 17″ long.
The African penguin, Spheniscus demersus, is endangered on the IUCN red list.
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