The elusive Indian rhinoceros is grazing through the Kaziranga National Park. An egret is in front of the Indian rhino like a helping friend showing the rhino the way. The Indian rhinoceros has one horn. Therefore we call it also Greater One-horned Rhino. It does not have two horns, like its relatives, the African rhinoceroses.
Their natural body armor looks like they should be dinosaurs. The plates are flexible; they shift while the rhino moves. Like their relatives in Africa, they hear exceptionally well, have a fantastic sense of smell, but lack good eyesight. The Indian rhinoceros is grazing while walking through the tall grassland in the northern parts of India. Its shoulder height can be up to 2 meters, as well as a body length of up to 3.5 meters. A colossal animal, indeed it is. Indian rhinos graze in the morning and evenings. During the day they hang out in water or mud to escape the heat.
Their diet consists of grass, branches, leaves, sometimes fruit, and even water plants. Indian rhinos have predators. Not only us humans with poaching. Bengal tigers sometimes hunt young calves up to one year old. When a calf gets over one year of age, they are not vulnerable to nonhuman predators. Since the Greater one-horned rhinos walk through tall grass, it is easy for a tiger to ambush a calf.
“Undoubtedly, an Indian rhinoceros horn we humans do not need, but the rhinos need it.”
Indian Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros unicornis, are in the IUCN list as vulnerable.
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